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The central nervous system (CNS) is composed of the:
The _________ contain(s) about 75% of the brain’s total volume.
Coordination of balance and body movement is controlled by the:
The _________ is the best-protected part of the CNS and controls the functions of the cardiac and respiratory systems.
The tough, fibrous outer meningeal layer is called the:
The meninges, along with the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that circulates in between each meningeal layer, function by:
The _________ nervous system consists of 31 pairs of spinal nerves and 12 pairs of cranial nerves.
Which of the following nerves carry information from the body to the brain via the spinal cord?
Which of the following statements regarding motor nerves is correct?
Which of the following nerves allow sensory and motor impulses to be sent from one nerve directly to another?
A reflex arc occurs when:
What part of the nervous system controls the body’s voluntary activities?
The body’s functions that occur without conscious effort are regulated by the _________ nervous system.
When activated, the sympathetic nervous system produces all of the following effects, EXCEPT:
The hormone responsible for the actions of the sympathetic nervous system is:
When the parasympathetic nervous system is activated:
Which of the following statements regarding the cranium is correct?
The five sections of the spinal column, in descending order, are the:
The spinal cord is encased in and protected by the:
The cervical spine is composed of _____ vertebrae.
Common signs and symptoms of a serious head injury include all of the following, EXCEPT:
Lacerations to the scalp:
Common signs of a skull fracture include all of the following, EXCEPT:
Which of the following skull fractures would be the LEAST likely to present with palpable deformity or other outward signs?
The frontal and parietal bones of the skull are especially susceptible to:
When assessing a patient with a head injury, you note the presence of thin, bloody fluid draining from his right ear. This indicates:
Which of the following statements regarding a basilar skull fracture is correct?
Which of the following statements regarding secondary brain injury is correct?
Rapid deceleration of the head, such as when it impacts the windshield, causes:
The MOST common and serious complication of a significant head injury is:
Moderate elevation in intracranial pressure with middle brain stem involvement is characterized by:
An epidural hematoma is MOST accurately defined as:
Which of the following head injuries would cause the patient’s condition to deteriorate MOST rapidly?
Bleeding within the brain tissue itself is called a(n):
A temporary loss or alteration of part or all of the brain’s abilities to function without physical damage to the brain MOST accurately describes a(n):
A patient who cannot remember the events that preceded his or her head injury is experiencing:
In contrast to a cerebral concussion, a cerebral contusion:
Distraction injuries of the spine are MOST commonly the result of:
When caring for a patient with a possible head injury, it is MOST important to monitor the patient’s:
Any unresponsive trauma patient should be assumed to have:
When opening the airway of a patient with a suspected spinal injury, you should use the:
During your primary assessment of a semiconscious 30-year-old female with closed head trauma, you note that she has slow, shallow breathing and a slow, bounding pulse. As your partner maintains manual in-line stabilization of her head, you should:
Once a cervical collar has been applied to a patient with a possible spinal injury, it should not be removed unless:
A female patient with a suspected spinal injury is breathing with a marked reduction in tidal volume. The MOST appropriate airway management for her includes:
You should be MOST suspicious that a patient has experienced a significant head injury if his or her pulse is:
It would be MOST appropriate to perform a focused secondary assessment on a patient who:
A 45-year-old male was working on his roof when he fell approximately 12?,landing on his feet. He is conscious and alert and complains of an ache in his lower back. He is breathing adequately and has stable vital signs. You should:
When assessing a conscious patient with an MOI that suggests spinal injury, you should:
The MOST reliable sign of a head injury is:
The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is used to assess:
Following a head injury, a 20-year-old female opens her eyes spontaneously, is confused, and obeys your commands to move her extremities. You should assign her a GCS score of:
A patient with a head injury presents with abnormal flexion of his extremities. What numeric value should you assign to him for motor response?
When a patient experiences a severe spinal injury, he or she:
The effectiveness of positive-pressure ventilations when treating a head-injured patient can ONLY be determined by:
An indicator of an expanding intracranial hematoma or rapidly progressing brain swelling is:
The MOST important treatment for patients with a head injury, regardless of severity, is to:
During your primary assessment of a 19-year-old unconscious male who experienced severe head trauma, you note that his respirations are rapid, irregular, and shallow. He has bloody secretions draining from his mouth and nose. You should:
When controlling bleeding from a scalp laceration with a suspected underlying skull fracture, you should:
Which of the following sets of vital signs depicts Cushing’s triad?
When immobilizing a trauma patient’s spine, the EMT manually stabilizing the head should not let go until:
The ideal procedure for moving an injured patient from the ground to a backboard is:
When placing a patient onto a long backboard, the EMT at the patient’s _________ is in charge of all patient movements.
When immobilizing a patient on a long backboard, you should:
After your partner assumes manual in-line stabilization of the patient’s head, you should:
A short backboard or vest-style immobilization device is indicated for patients who:
When immobilizing a seated patient with a short backboard or vest-style immobilization device, you should apply a cervical collar:
Which of the following statements regarding cervical collars is correct?
If you do not have the appropriate size cervical collar, you should:
A tight-fitting motorcycle helmet should be left in place unless:
When immobilizing a child on a long backboard, you should: