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While providing care to a patient, blood got onto the ambulance stretcher. Because the stretcher was not properly cleaned afterward, a virus was transmitted to another emergency medical technician (EMT) several days later. What route of transmission does this scenario describe?
If you use a waterless handwashing substitute in the field, it is important to:
Gloves, a mask, eye protection, and a face shield should be used:
Prescription glasses do not provide adequate eye protection because they:
You are transporting a 40-year-old male with respiratory distress. The patient tells you that he recently had a positive tuberculosis (TB) skin test and is currently being evaluated for possible TB. You should:
While assisting an advanced life support (ALS) ambulance crew, you are accidentally stuck with an IV needle. You should:
Determination of exposure is an important component of an infection control plan because it:
The compliance monitoring component of an infection control plan should:
Which of the following is the MOST significant factor in determining if a person will become ill from certain germs?
According to the CDC, recommended immunizations and tests include a:
Vaccination against the hepatitis A virus is unnecessary if you:
Which of the following infectious diseases confers no protection from reinfection after exposure?
A positive TB skin test indicates that:
If you are exposed to a patient’s blood or other bodily fluid, your first action should be to:
The BEST way to reduce your risk of contracting a work-related disease following exposure is to:
The general adaptation syndrome is characterized by which of the following phases?
Physiologic manifestations of stress include:
What type of stress reaction occurs when an EMT is exposed to many insignificant stressors over a period of several months or years?
Critical incident stress management (CISM) can occur at an ongoing scene in all of the following circumstances, EXCEPT:
Which of the following scenarios MOST accurately depicts a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) reaction?
A critical incident stress debriefing should be conducted no longer than ________ hours following the incident.
As an EMT, it is important to remember that the signs and symptoms of cumulative stress:
Which of the following signs would indicate that your partner is experiencing significant stress?
Which of the following is the MOST effective strategy for managing stress?
When considering his or her personal life, it is important for the EMT to realize that:
Quid pro quo, a type of sexual harassment, occurs when the harasser:
It is especially important for EMS personnel to develop nonadversarial relationships with their coworkers because they:
While on duty, your partner asks you out on a date and touches you in an inappropriate location without your consent. You should:
The MOST serious consequence of drug or alcohol abuse among EMS personnel is:
You and your partner respond to the residence of a 66-year-old male with shortness of breath. As you are assessing the patient, his wife tells you that he was recently diagnosed with lung cancer. The patient is verbally abusive and tells you that failure of the health care system caused his disease. What stage of the grieving process is this patient’s behavior consistent with?
Which of the following statements is MOST consistent with the bargaining phase of the grieving process?
The final stage of death and dying is MOST commonly displayed as:
Which of the following statements regarding the different stages of the grieving process is correct?
You are transporting an elderly woman who has possibly experienced a stroke. She is obviously scared but is unable to talk and cannot move the entire right side of her body. In addition to providing the medical care that she needs, you should:
When a patient is dying, he or she may experience regression. This is MOST accurately defined as:
You are assessing a middle-aged man with chest pain that you suspect is caused by a cardiac problem. The patient tells you that he does not want to go to the hospital and insists that you leave him alone. You should:
Common factors that influence how a patient reacts to the stress of an illness or injury include all of the following, EXCEPT:
You are caring for a 35-year-old female with pregnancy-related complications. She is clearly experiencing significant stress and is crying uncontrollably. Your MOST appropriate action would be to:
The MOST important consideration at the scene of a hazardous material incident is:
You are dispatched to the scene of a crash involving a large tanker truck. While you are en route, dispatch advises you that there are multiple patients and that the fire department is en route as well. As you approach the scene, you should:
You and your partner are EMTs and have been dispatched to standby at the scene of a residential fire. While standing next to the ambulance observing the fire fighters, you see a woman frantically moving around in her burning house. You should:
You arrive at the scene of a domestic violence situation. As you approach the doorway of the apartment, you hear screaming and the statement “He has a gun!” Your MOST appropriate action should be to: