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The index of suspicion is MOST accurately defined as:
When assessing the interior of a crashed motor vehicle for damage, you are gathering information regarding the:
When a motor vehicle strikes a tree while traveling at 40 mph, the unrestrained occupant:
Force acting over a distance defines the concept of:
The energy of a moving object is called:
When the speed of a motor vehicle doubles, the amount of kinetic energy:
Which of the following statements regarding gunshot wounds is correct?
By what mechanism is a person injured when he or she falls from a significant height?
Two of the MOST common mechanisms of injury for blunt trauma are:
What types of motor vehicle collisions present the greatest potential for multiple impacts?
With regard to the three collisions that occur during a motor vehicle crash, which of the following statements regarding the first collision is correct?
Which of the following findings would be LEAST suggestive of the presence of high-energy trauma?
Which of the following would MOST likely occur as the direct result of the second collision in a motor vehicle crash?
Which of the following injuries would MOST likely occur as a direct result of the third collision in a motor vehicle crash?
If one or more occupants in the same vehicle are killed in a crash, the EMT should:
The driver of a sport utility vehicle lost control and struck a utility pole head-on. The driver was killed instantly. The passenger, a young female, is conscious and alert and has several small abrasions and lacerations to her left forearm. Treatment for the passenger should include:
Air bags are designed to:
When caring for an occupant inside a motor vehicle equipped with an air bag that did not deploy upon impact, it is MOST important to:
When a driver is in a car equipped with an air bag, but is not wearing a seatbelt, he or she will MOST likely strike the __________ when the air bag deploys upon impact.
While en route to a major motor vehicle crash, an on-scene police officer advises you that a 6-year-old male who was riding in the front seat is involved. He further states that the child was only wearing a lap belt and that the air bag deployed. On the basis of this information, you should be MOST suspicious that the child has experienced:
Evaluation of the interior of a crashed motor vehicle during extrication will allow the EMT to:
The cervical spine is MOST protected from whiplash-type injuries when the:
Passengers who are seated in the rear of a vehicle and are wearing only lap belts have a higher incidence of injuries to the:
Approximately 25% of severe injuries to the aorta occur during:
A driver involved in a rollover motor vehicle crash will MOST likely experience serious injuries or death if he or she:
A small compact car was involved in a rollover crash. As you are approaching the vehicle, you note that the roof is significantly collapsed. The patient, a 29-year-old male, is complaining of severe pain in his neck and to the top of his head as well as numbness and tingling in his extremities. Witnesses who removed the patient from the vehicle state that he was wearing his seatbelt. What injury mechanism is MOST likely responsible for this patient’s condition?
When evaluating the mechanism of injury of a car versus pedestrian collision, you should first:
A 15-year-old female was struck by a small car while riding her bicycle. She was wearing a helmet and was thrown to the ground, striking her head. In addition to managing problems associated with airway, breathing, and circulation, it is MOST important for you to:
Which of the following patients has experienced the MOST significant fall?
A 12-year-old male jumped approximately 12? from a tree and landed on his feet. He complains of pain to his lower back. What injury mechanism is MOST likely responsible for his back pain?
Factors that should be considered when assessing a patient who has fallen include all of the following, EXCEPT:
When assessing an elderly patient who fell, it is important to remember that:
Which of the following statements regarding low-energy penetrating injuries is correct?
Internal injuries caused by gunshot wounds are difficult to predict because:
The phenomenon of pressure waves emanating from the bullet, causing damage remote from its path, is known as:
A young male sustained a gunshot wound to the abdomen during an altercation with a rival gang member. As your partner is assessing and managing his airway, you should control the obvious bleeding and then:
A 40-year-old unrestrained female impacted the steering wheel of her vehicle with her chest when she hit a tree while traveling at 45 mph. She is conscious and alert, but is experiencing significant chest pain and shortness of breath. Which of the following injuries did this patient likely NOT experience?
If a person is standing near a building that explodes, which of the following injuries would he or she MOST likely experience as a result of the pressure wave?
During your assessment of a patient who experienced a blast injury, you note that he has a depressed area to the front of his skull. This injury MOST likely occurred:
When assessing a patient who experienced a blast injury, it is important to remember that:
Signs of a pulmonary blast injury include:
When treating a patient who experienced a pulmonary blast injury, you should:
Which of the following interventions is the MOST critical to the outcome of a patient with multisystem trauma?
Following a blunt injury to the head, a 22-year-old female is confused and complains of a severe headache and nausea. On the basis of these signs and symptoms, you should be MOST concerned with the possibility of:
A 30-year-old male sustained a stab wound to the neck when he was attacked outside a nightclub. During your assessment, you should be MOST alert for:
While assessing a young male who was struck in the chest with a steel pipe, you note that his pulse is irregular. You should be MOST suspicious for:
According to the Association of Air Medical Services (AAMS), you should consider air medical transport of a trauma patient if:
In contrast to a Level III trauma center, a Level I trauma center must:
Your patient has a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 13, a systolic blood pressure of 80 mm Hg, and a respiratory rate of 8 breaths/min, his Revised Trauma Score (RTS) is:
During your assessment of a patient with a head injury, you note that he opens his eyes when you pinch his trapezius muscle, is mumbling, and has his arms curled in toward his chest. You should assign him a GCS score of:
According to the American College of Surgeons, an adult trauma patient meets Level I criteria if he or she: