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To minimize the risk of litigation, the EMT should always:
What type of consent is involved when a 39-year-old mentally competent female with a severe headache asks you to take her to the hospital?
Which of the following scenarios MOST accurately depicts informed consent?
Which of the following types of consent allows treatment of a patient who is unconscious or mentally incapacitated?
You suspect that a pregnant 16-year-old girl has a broken leg after she was hit by a car. You explain that you plan to splint her leg, and she agrees to treatment. What type of consent is her agreement considered?
You arrive at the scene of a motor vehicle versus pedestrian accident. The patient, a 13-year-old male, is unconscious and has multiple injuries. As you are treating the child, a law enforcement officer advises you that the child’s parents will be at the scene in approximately 15 minutes. What should you do?
You are dispatched to a middle school for a 16-year-old female experiencing an asthma attack. She is conscious and alert, but in severe respiratory distress. The school nurse informs you that she has tried several times to contact the patient’s parents but has not been successful. You should:
You are treating a man with a closed head injury following an assault by a burglar. The patient, who has slurred speech, becomes verbally abusive and tells you to leave him alone. You should:
A patient regains consciousness en route from his office to the emergency department. The patient tells you that he feels fine and does not want to go to the hospital. Under these circumstances, you should:
You suspect that a 6-year-old girl has broken her leg after falling from a swing at a playground. Shortly after you arrive, the child’s mother appears and refuses to allow you to continue treatment. You should:
In which of the following circumstances can the EMT legally release confidential patient information?
Your BEST protection against legal liability when a competent patient refuses EMS care and transport is to:
What section of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) MOST affects EMS personnel?
Which of the following is NOT considered to be protected health information (PHI)?
When faced with a situation in which a patient is in cardiac arrest, and a valid living will or DNR order cannot be located, you should:
You and your partner arrive at the scene of a major motor vehicle crash. The driver, a young male, is severely entrapped in his car. He has an open head injury and massive facial trauma. He is unresponsive, is not breathing, and does not have a palpable carotid pulse. You should:
You arrive at the scene of an apparent death. When evaluating the patient, which of the following is a definitive sign of death?
Putrefaction is defined as:
Where would you MOST likely find information regarding a patient’s wishes to be an organ donor?
The EMT’s scope of practice within his or her local response area is defined by the:
The manner in which the EMT must act or behave when caring for a patient is called the:
As an EMT, the performance of your duties will be compared to that of:
When performing his or her duties, the EMT is generally expected to:
In which of the following situations does the EMT NOT have a legal duty to act?
Which of the following MOST accurately defines negligence?
Which of the following components are needed to prove negligence?
While transporting a stable patient with chest pain to the hospital, you come across a major motor vehicle crash involving several critically injured patients. Your MOST appropriate action should be to:
An EMT would MOST likely be held liable for abandonment if he or she:
Which of the following statements regarding the Good Samaritan law is correct?
If an action or procedure that was performed on a patient is not recorded on the written report:
You and your partner are the first to arrive at a potential crime scene with a critically injured patient involved. The scene is safe. Your first priority is to:
While transporting a woman with diabetes, you inadvertently give her oral glucose even though her blood glucose level was high. You reassess the patient and note that her condition did not change; she remained stable. You should: