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In contrast to the assessment of a trauma patient, assessment of a medical patient:
Which of the following conditions is NOT categorized as a psychiatric condition?
The greatest danger in displaying a personal bias or “labeling” a patient who frequently calls EMS is:
An index of suspicion is MOST accurately defined as:
You and your EMT partner arrive at the residence of a 50-year-old man who complains of weakness. Your primary assessment reveals that he is critically ill and will require aggressive treatment. The closest hospital is 25 miles away. You should:
When forming your general impression of a patient with a medical complaint, it is important to remember that:
Upon initial contact with a patient who appears to be unconscious, you should:
Your primary assessment of an elderly woman reveals that she is conscious and alert, but is experiencing difficulty breathing. She has a history of emphysema, hypertension, and congestive heart failure. As you assess the patient’s circulatory status, you should direct your partner to:
In addition to looking for severe bleeding, assessment of circulation in the conscious patient should involve:
When assessing a patient with a medical complaint, which of the following would MOST likely reveal the cause of his or her problem?
Which of the following will MOST reliably allow you to determine the nature of a patient’s illness?
A 58-year-old man complains of chest discomfort and nausea. He is conscious and alert; his blood pressure is 140/90 mm Hg, his pulse is 104 beats/min, and his respirations are 16 breaths/min. Your partner has applied supplemental oxygen. Prior to assisting the patient with one of his prescribed nitroglycerin tablets, you ask him if he takes medication to treat erectile dysfunction and he tells you that he does. You should:
When caring for a patient who takes numerous medications, it is best to:
The secondary assessment of a medical patient:
You have just completed your primary assessment of a 48-year-old man with crushing chest pain. The patient has been given 324 mg of aspirin and is receiving high-flow oxygen via nonrebreathing mask. As you begin your secondary assessment, you note that his mental status has deteriorated and he is now bradycardic. You should:
When performing a secondary assessment on a conscious patient with nontraumatic abdominal pain and stable vital signs, you should:
It is especially important to assess pulse, sensation, and movement in all extremities as well as pupillary reactions in patients with a suspected ___________ problem.
Which of the following assessment findings is MOST indicative of a cardiovascular problem?
A 33-year-old female presents with lower abdominal quadrant pain. She is conscious and alert, but in moderate pain. While your partner is asking her questions about her medical history, you take her vital signs. When you assess her radial pulse, you are unable to locate it. You should:
End-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) monitoring is clearly indicated for patients who present with:
Reassessment of a patient with a medical complaint should begin by:
The primary prehospital treatment for most medical emergencies:
Which of the following medications would the EMT LEAST likely administer to a patient with a medical complaint?
When caring for a patient with an altered mental status and signs of circulatory compromise, you should:
The determination of whether a medical patient is a high-priority or low-priority transport is typically made:
In which of the following situations would it be MOST appropriate to utilize an air medical transportation service?
Which of the following conditions often requires transport to a hospital with specialized capabilities that may not be available at the closest hospital?
After sizing up the scene of a patient with a possible infectious disease, your next priority should be to:
Typical chief complaints in patients with an infectious disease include:
In addition to obtaining a SAMPLE history and asking questions related to the chief complaint, what else should you inquire about when assessing a patient with a potentially infectious disease?
An infectious disease is MOST accurately defined as:
Which of the following statements regarding the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is correct?
Syphilis is a:
Early signs and symptoms of viral hepatitis include all of the following, EXCEPT:
Which of the following statements regarding hepatitis A is correct?
Hepatitis B is more virulent than hepatitis C, which means that it:
A patient who presents with a headache, fever, confusion, and red blotches on his or her skin should be suspected of having:
Patients with tuberculosis pose the greatest risk for transmitting the disease when they:
In contrast to viral hepatitis, toxin-induced hepatitis:
Ten days after treating a 34-year-old patient with tuberculosis, you are given a tuberculin skin test, which yields a positive result. This MOST likely indicates that:
Which of the following statements regarding methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is correct?
Factors that increase the risk for developing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) include:
A patient who was bitten by a mosquito and presents with signs and symptoms of illness should be suspected of having:
Which of the following statements regarding severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is correct?
Which of the following statements regarding the H1N1 virus is correct?