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Diabetes is MOST accurately defined as a(n):
Type 1 diabetes:
Patients with type 2 diabetes usually control their disease with all of the following, EXCEPT:
Glipizide, a non–insulin-type medication, is another name for:
Which of the following statements regarding glucose is correct?
Insulin functions in the body by:
Patients with uncontrolled diabetes experience polyuria because:
Excessive eating caused by cellular “hunger” is called:
Ketone production is the result of:
A 37-year-old female with a history of diabetes presents with excessive urination and weakness of 2 days’ duration. You apply 100% oxygen and assess her blood glucose level, which reads 320 mg/dL. If this patient’s condition is not promptly treated, she will MOST likely develop:
Kussmaul respirations are an indication that the body is:
The normal blood glucose level, as measured by a glucometer, is between:
Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when:
A 28-year-old female patient is found to be responsive to verbal stimuli only. Her roommate states that she was recently diagnosed with type 1 diabetes and has had difficulty controlling her blood sugar level. She further tells you that the patient has been urinating excessively and has progressively worsened over the last 24 to 36 hours. On the basis of this patient’s clinical presentation, you should suspect that she:
Diabetic coma is a life-threatening condition that results from:
Which of the following statements regarding diabetic coma is correct?
Common signs and symptoms of diabetic coma include all of the following, EXCEPT:
The signs and symptoms of insulin shock are the result of:
Insulin shock will MOST likely develop if a patient:
Hypoglycemic crisis tends to develop more often and more severely in children because:
Classic signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia include:
Assessment of a patient with hypoglycemia will MOST likely reveal:
In contrast to insulin shock, diabetic coma:
A 75-year-old male with type 1 diabetes presents with chest pain and a general feeling of weakness. He tells you that he took his insulin today and ate a regular meal approximately 2 hours ago. You should treat this patient as though he is experiencing:
You respond to a residence for a patient who is “not acting right.” As you approach the door, the patient, a 35-year-old male, begins shouting profanities at you and your partner while holding a baseball bat. The man is confused and diaphoretic, and is wearing a medical identification bracelet. You should:
A 29-year-old female presents with confusion and disorientation. Her respirations are rapid and shallow and her pulse is 120 beats/min and thready. She is markedly diaphoretic and has an oxygen saturation of 89%. You should:
A man finds his 59-year-old wife unconscious on the couch. He states that she takes medications for type 2 diabetes. He further tells you that his wife has been ill recently and has not eaten for the past 24 hours. Your primary assessment reveals that the patient is unresponsive and not breathing. You should:
You respond to a movie theater for a 70-year-old male who is confused. His wife tells you he has type 2 diabetes but refuses to take his pills. Your assessment reveals that the patient is diaphoretic, tachycardic, and tachypneic. Initial management for this patient should include:
When obtaining a SAMPLE history from a patient with diabetes, it would be MOST important to determine:
When assessing an unconscious diabetic patient, the primary visible difference between hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia is the:
You are treating a 40-year-old male with a documented blood sugar reading of 300 mg/dL. The patient is semiconscious and breathing shallowly, and is receiving assisted ventilation from your partner. You should recognize that definitive treatment for this patient includes:
A 19-year-old male complains of “not feeling right.” His insulin and a syringe are on a nearby table. The patient says he thinks he took his insulin and cannot remember whether he ate. He is also unable to tell you the time or what day it is. The glucometer reads “error” after several attempts to assess his blood glucose level. In addition to administering oxygen, you should:
Which of the following conditions is the diabetic patient at an increased risk of developing?
Glutose is a trade name for:
To which of the following diabetic patients should you administer oral glucose?